- inhalants and hallucinations
- The term inhalant comes from the Latin verb inhalare, which means to breathe into. It is used to denote a group of volatile substances used for industrial purposes, and widely misused for their hallucinogenic and other psychoactive properties, especially by school children, adolescents, and other individuals who cannot afford more expensive drugs. Some examples of inhalants are aerosols, airplane glue, butane gas, cleaning fluid, gasoline, kerosene, lighter fluid, rubber cement, and varnish remover. Inhalants are administered either through vapour inhalation (i.e. 'sniffing' or 'snorting') or by soaking a rag in a volatile substance and stuffing it in the oral cavity (i.e. 'huffing'). The method where a plastic bag or bottle is used in the process of inhalation is called 'bagging'. Some of the major substances held responsible for the mediation of hallucinations by inhalants are toluene, acetone, benzene, and halogenated hydrocarbons. The chronic use of inhalants is thought to lead to the mediation of hallucinations. The types of "sensory deceptions and distortions evoked by inhalants tend to differ across substances. Moreover, they are dependent on dose, means of administration, other substance abuse, and individual predisposition. They may include "metamorphopsias (such as "micropsia and "macropsia), "body schema illusions (such as "whole body macrosomatognosia and "whole body microsomatognosia), " illusions, changes in the intensity of colour perception, and "visual, "auditory, "somatic, "tactile, " kinaesthetic, and " compound hallucinations. " Gustatory hallucinations can occur as well, but these have been reported less frequently.ReferencesEvans, A.C., Raistrick, D. (1987). Phenomenology of intoxication with toluene-based adhe-sives and butane gas. British Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 769-773.Rudgley, R. (1998). The encyclopaedia ofpsy-choactive substances. London: Little, Brown and Company.
Dictionary of Hallucinations. J.D. Blom. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Inhalant — Inhalants are a broad range of drugs in the forms of gases, aerosols, or solvents which are breathed in and absorbed through the lungs. While some inhalant drugs are used for medical purposes, as in the case of nitrous oxide (a dental… … Wikipedia
Inhalant abuse — This article is about non medical use of inhalants. For medical inhalants, see List of medical inhalants. Huffing redirects here. For other meanings, see Huff (disambiguation). Sniffing glue redirects here. For the punk zine, see Sniffin Glue.… … Wikipedia
Dimethyltryptamine — Systematic (IUPAC) name 2 (1H indol 3 yl) N … Wikipedia
Phencyclidine — Systematic (IUPAC) name … Wikipedia
Nitrous oxide — N2O redirects here. For other uses, see N2O (disambiguation). Laughing gas redirects here. For other uses, see Laughing gas (disambiguation). Not to be confused with nitric oxide (formula NO) or nitrogen dioxide (formula NO2). For other uses, see … Wikipedia
Scopolamine — Systematic (IUPAC) name (–) (S) 3 hydroxy 2 pheny … Wikipedia
Dimenhydrinate — Dramamine redirects here. For the Modest Mouse song, see Dramamine (song). Dimenhydrinate Combination of … Wikipedia
Psychedelic experience — For the book authored by Timothy Leary, Ralph Metzner and Richard Alpert, see The Psychedelic Experience: A Manual Based on the Tibetan Book of the Dead. The term psychedelic experience is vague – Characterized by polyvalence or ambiguity due to… … Wikipedia
Atropa belladonna — This article is about the plant commonly called Deadly nightshade . for the women s musical group, see The Deadly Nightshade. Deadly nightshade Illustration from Köhler s Medicinal Plants 1887 … Wikipedia
Mandrake (plant) — Mandrake root redirects here. For the Deep Purple song, see Mandrake Root. Mandragora redirects here. For other uses, see Mandragora (disambiguation). Mandrake Scientific classification Kingdom … Wikipedia