hostage hallucination

hostage hallucination
   Also referred to as hostage hallucinosis. Both terms are indebted to the Latin noun hostia, which means victim. They were introduced in or shortly before 1984 by the American psy-chopharmacologist Ronald K. Siegel to denote a hallucination occurring during a hostage situation. The term hostage situation is defined by Siegel as "one in which an individual is kept, usually by coercive force, by others in order to fulfil a demand or agreement". Typical hostage situations include kidnappings, sky-jackings, and terrorist actions, although Siegel also accepts claimed kidnappings by unidentified flying objects (UFOs). According to him, the earliest known account of a hostage situation with concomitant hallucinations can be found in the Bible, where the prophet Ezekiel is said to have been abducted by a round, flying, bronze-coloured object; he also saw lights, colours, and " visions of God. In Siegel's study involving 31 victims of hostage situations, "geometric hallucinations were the most prevalent (typically commencing a few minutes after the onset of "sensory i.e. visual deprivation) and "complex visual hallucinations depicting small animals (i.e. "zoopsia), insects (i.e. "formication), people, people's faces (i.e. "facial hallucinations), monsters, devils, scenes, landscapes, and childhood memories. The complex hallucinations tended to commence after several hours to several days. They were typically described as 'projections' upon a screen before the affected individual's eyes. In Siegel's study, hostage hallucinations occurred in 8 of the 31 individuals. It was suggested that their occurrence was promoted by factors such as social isolation, sensorydeprivation, "sleepdepri-vation, restraint on motor movements, physical abuse, and threat of death.
   Blumrich, J.F. (1974). The spaceships ofEzekiel. New York, NY: Bantam Books.
   Siegel, R.K. (1984). Hostage hallucinations. Visual imagery induced by isolation and life-threatening stress. Journal of Nervousand Mental Disease, 172, 264-272.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hostage hallucinosis —    see hostage hallucination …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Glossary of psychiatry — In this glossary of psychiatric terms, mostly Greek, secondly French and German and some English terms, as used in psychiatric literature, were defined. We have included many other terms with the passage of time and aim to broaden this article to …   Wikipedia

  • List of F.E.A.R. characters & organizations — A list of F.E.A.R. characters organizations is supplied here with descriptions of both characters and the organizations they belong to from the Monolith Productions computer game F.E.A.R. First Encounter Assault Recon . It also includes details… …   Wikipedia

  • Episode 1 (Ashes to Ashes) — Infobox Television episode | Title = Episode 1 Series = Ashes to Ashes Caption = DI Alex Drake wakes up in 1981 after being shot in 2008. Episode = 1 Guests= Adam James Airdate = February 7, 2008 Writer = Matthew Graham Director = Jonny Campbell… …   Wikipedia

  • F.E.A.R. — Infobox VG| title = F.E.A.R. developer = Monolith Productions (PC) Day 1 Studios (Xbox 360, PlayStation 3) |publisher = Vivendi Universal distributor = designer = Craig Hubbard engine = version = 1.08 (October 20, 2006) platforms = Windows, Xbox… …   Wikipedia

  • Characters of Supernatural — Jensen Ackles as Dean Winchester (left) and Jared Padalecki as Sam Winchester (right) Supernatural is an American television drama/thriller series created by writer and producer Eric Kripke, and was initially broadcast by …   Wikipedia

  • List of General Hospital characters — This is a list of characters that appear (or have appeared) on the ABC soap opera General Hospital. Contents: Top · 0–9 · A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Wikipedia

  • List of past General Hospital characters — The following is a list of notable past characters from the soap opera, General Hospital who are not notable enough for their own articles. Characters are listed based on the decade in which they first appeared. Contents 1 2010 present 1.1 Warren …   Wikipedia

  • Modern Warfare 2: Ghost — is a six part comic book mini series. The series ties in with the Call of Duty video game Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 2.[1] The first issue of the series debuted on November 11, 2009, and the second issue followed in December.[2] Contents …   Wikipedia

  • List of Prison Break minor characters — This article contains a list of minor characters in the American television series, Prison Break. The listed characters are those who are played by guest stars. The characters are listed alphabetically by their last name or by the name which… …   Wikipedia