delirium of the senses

delirium of the senses
   The German term Sinnesdelirien (i.e. delirium of the senses) was introduced in or shortly before 1885 by the Russian psychiatrist Victor Kandin-sky (1849-1889) to denote a type of "illusion commonly designated as "intermetamorphosis (i.e. Personenverwechselung in German). This type of illusion typically involves a situation in which an individual is regularly and consistently misidentified, and taken for a different person. This consistent misidentification is explained by Kandinsky in terms of a " pareidolia based on the distinctive facial features that two (or more) persons may have in common. In Kandinsky's own words, "Delirium of the senses is an external state of affairs, and mostly a singular, highly specific one, that calls forth the percept at hand. Should we not assume that the images of the individual persons that call forth these cases of mistaken identity correspond in various characteristic ways with the images of the true persons? And that that is why the complete, objective image and the schematic, subjective image fall into the same place, and why the mistake is thus called forth by an event that belongs to the process of sense perception?" Kandinsky uses the term delirium of the senses in opposition to the terms "sensory misperception (Sinnestäuschung), and " delirium of judgment (Urtheilsdelirien). Conceptually and in a classificatory sense, the delirium of the senses occupies a sort of middle ground - or perhaps one should say a common ground - between hallucination and illusion. As Kandinsky explains, "This type of illusion, the perceptual interchange delirium, as distinct from the cognitive interchange delirium, is therefore basically also a hallucination, distinguishing itself from the more regular hallucination only because the inner impulse, the inner anomaly is not sufficient for its occurrence, and that a certain exterior impulse must be added, so that the hallucination is not a complete one, but only a partial one." In a later passage Kandinsky adds that the term delirium of the senses also has a bearing on objects, and proposes that the term pareidolia be used as a generic term for all the various kinds of 'partial' hallucinations.
   Berrios, G.E. (1981). Delirium and confusion in the 19th century: A conceptual history. British Journal of Psychiatry, 139, 439-449.
   Jouanna, J. (1999). Hippocrates. Translated by DeBevoise, M.B. Baltimore, MA: Johns Hopkins University Press.
   Lipowski, Z.J. (1985). Delirium (acute confusional state). In: Neurobehavioural disorders.Edited by Frederiks, J.A.M. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science Publications.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • delirium of judgment —    The German term Urtheilsdelirien (i.e. delirium of judgment) was introduced in or shortly before 1885 by the Russian psychiatrist Victor Kandinsky (1849 1889) to denote a type of illusion in which perceptual stimuli or objects are… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Curse of the Golden Flower — Theatrical release poster Traditional 滿城盡帶黃金甲 …   Wikipedia

  • Tears of the Black Tiger — Infobox Film name = Tears of the Black Tiger caption = The Thai movie poster. director = Wisit Sasanatieng producer = Pracha Maleenont Brian L. Marcar Adirek Wattaleela Nonzee Nimibutr writer = Wisit Sasanatieng narrator = starring = Chartchai… …   Wikipedia

  • Hair of the dog — is a colloquial English expression predominantly used to refer to ingestion of alcohol as treatment for a hangover. It is occasionally used with respect to dealing with the after effects of use of other recreational drugs. It is a shortened form… …   Wikipedia

  • On the Genealogy of Morality — On the Genealogy of Morals   Title page of the first edition …   Wikipedia

  • Miracle in the Rain — is a novella by American writer Ben Hecht, published in The Saturday Evening Post bimonthly magazine on April 3, 1943 and adapted by him into a feature film released on March 31, 1956.[1][2][3] Contents 1 Fi …   Wikipedia

  • intermetamorphosis syndrome —    The term intermetamorphosis syndrome is indebted to the Latin inter (between) and the Greek metamorphoun (to change one s shape). It is used to denote a subgroup of the misidentification syndrome which is characterized by the conviction that… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • misidentification syndrome —    Also known as delusional misidentification syndrome. Both terms are used as an umbrella term for a diverse group of conditions in which the affected individual consistently misidentifies a person, object, place, or event. The symptoms and… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • hallucinatory twilight state —    The German term halluzinatorische Dämmerzustand (i.e. hallucinatory twilight state) was introduced in or shortly before 1926 by the German neuropsychiatrist Karl Kleist (1879 1960) to denote a type of * twilight state (i.e. a prolonged episode …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • twilight state and hallucinations —    The term twilight state is used to denote a prolonged state of clouded or narrowed consciousness during which the affected individual is virtually unaware of his or her environment, and typically experiences visual and/or auditory… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations