central tinnitus

central tinnitus
   A term used to denote a type of *tinnitus (i.e. 'ringing in the ears') attributed to a lesion affecting a part of the central auditory pathways. The term central tinnitus is used in opposition to the terms *otic (or * peripheral) tinnitus, and *somatic tinnitus. As part of a different tripar-tition, the term central tinnitus is also used in opposition to the terms *conductive tinnitus and *sensorineural tinnitus. Today tinnitus tends to be conceptualized as a condition that is mediated and sustained by central neural networks, even though in many cases it would seem to be triggered by peripheral pathology.
   Henry, J.A., Dennis, K.C., Schechter, M.A. (2005). General review oftinnitus. Prevalence, mechanisms, effects, and management. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 48, 1204-1235.
   Vernon, J.A., Sanders, B.T. (2001). Tinnitus. Questions and answers. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • central tinnitus — tinnitus cerebri subjective tinnitus that is experienced as being inside the head rather than in an ear …   Medical dictionary

  • tinnitus —    Also known as tinnitus aurium and syrigmus. The term tinnitus comes from the Latin verb tinnire, which means to ring. The person credited with its introduction is the Roman natural philosopher Gaius Plinius Secundus, better known as Pliny the… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Central hearing loss — Classification and external resources MeSH D006313 Central hearing loss is a form of sensorineural hearing loss caused by damage to the auditory pathways. When the damage is to the primary auditory cortex, the impairment is called cortic …   Wikipedia

  • Tinnitus — Infobox Disease Name = Tinnitus Caption = DiseasesDB = 27662 ICD10 = ICD10|H|93|1|h|90 ICD9 = ICD9|388.3 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = 003043 eMedicineSubj = ent eMedicineTopic = 235 MeshID = D014012Tinnitus (pronEng|tɪˈnaɪtəs or IPA|/ˈtɪnɪtəs/,… …   Wikipedia

  • Tinnitus — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 H93.1 Tinnitus aurium …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tinnitus — Ringing in the ears or another noise that seems to originate in the ears or head. Tinnitus is due to diverse causes including ear infections, fluid in the ears, Meniere syndrome, medications such as aspirin and other nonsteroidal antiinflammatory …   Medical dictionary

  • tinnitus — n. the sensation of sounds in the ears, head, or around the head in the absence of an external sound source. It can occur with any form of hearing loss or with normal hearing. It is thought to be due to a misinterpretation of signals in the… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • sensorineural tinnitus —    A term used to denote a type of * tinnitus (i.e. ringing in the ears ) which is attributable either to the ear s sensorineural parts or to the acoustic nerve. Sensorineural tinnitus can be divided into four subcategories, comprising *motor… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • otic tinnitus —    Also known as peripheral tinnitus. Both terms are used to designate a type of tinnitus (i.e. ringing in the ears ) attributed to disorders of the inner ear and, in some definitions, to the acoustic nerve. The term otic tinnitus is used in… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • conductive tinnitus —    A term used to denote a type of * tinnitus (i.e. ringing in the ears ) attributed to otosclerosis. The term conductive tinnitus is used in opposition to the terms *sensorineural tinnitus and * central tinnitus.    References    Henry, J.A.,… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations