- psychotic hallucination
- The term psychotic hallucination is indebted to the medical Latin term * psychosis, which in turn stems from the Greek noun psuchosis (the giving of life, the process of animating). It is used to denote a hallucination which is attributable to an underlying * psychotic process or disorder. The term psychotic hallucination is used in opposition to terms such as * conversive hallucination (i.e. a hallucination that is attributable to * sensory conversion), * dissociative hallucination (one that is attributable to * dissociation), * organic hallucinosis (a hallucinatory state that is attributable to a * somatic condition), and * psychotic-like hallucination (a percept that is reminiscent of a * hallucination proper, but lacks one or more of the necessary formal characteristics). Conceptually, the term psychotic hallucination is not unambiguous. One reason for this is that at the clinical level ofdescription all hallucinations may be considered psychotic phenomena. As used in the term psychotic hallucination, however, the adjective psychotic refers to a causative level of description. This makes the term even more problematic, since pathophysiological notions such as psychosis, conversion, and dissociation are rather poorly validated, as is their relation to organic disease. Moreover, some studies suggest that the conceptual distinction between these purported mechanisms is not corroborated by the phenomenological characteristics of the ensuing types of hallucinations. For a discussion of this latter issue, see the entry Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and hallucinations.ReferencesTaylor, G.J. (2003). Somatization and conversion: Distinct or overlapping constructs? Journal of the American Academy of Psychoanalysis and Dynamic Psychiatry, 31, 487-508.Yee, L., Korner, A.J., McSwiggan, S., Meares, R.A., Stevenson, J. (2005). Persistent hallucinosis in borderline personality disorder. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 46, 147-154.
Dictionary of Hallucinations. J.D. Blom. 2010.
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psychotic-like hallucination — The term psychotic like hallucination is indebted to the medical Latin term * psychosis, which in turn stems from the Greek noun psuchosis (the giving of life, the process of animating). It is used more or less interchangeably with terms such… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
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conversive hallucination — Also known as conversion hallucination. Both terms are used to denote a hallucination attributed to * sensory conversion. Sensory conversion is conceptualized as an unconscious process by means of which anxiety, generated by an intrapsychical… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
qat-induced hallucination — The name qat is also spelled as quat, khat, chat, cat, kat, and kaht. All names stem from qat, which is the Arabic name for Catha edulis Forskall, an evergreen shrub indigenous to northeast African countries and the Arabic peninsula, where it… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
auditory hallucination — Also known as acoustic hallucination, aural hallucination, and hallucination of hearing. Auditory hallucinations are the most prevalent type of hallucinations in adults with or without a history of psychiatric illness. It is estimated that the … Dictionary of Hallucinations
dissociative hallucination — The term dissociative hallucination is indebted to the Latin words dis (apart, away from each other) and associare (to gather, to unite). In its broadest sense, the term dissociative hallucination is considered more or less synonymous with… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
autoscopic hallucination — Also referred to as external autoscopic hallucination, specular hallucination, mirror hallucination, deuteroscopic hallucination, and visual phantom double. The expression autoscopic hallucination can be traced to the Greek words autos (self)… … Dictionary of Hallucinations
quasi-hallucination — A term that tends to be used quite loosely to denote a percept that is reminiscent of a * hallucination proper, but lacks one or more of the latter s formal characteristics. The term quasi hallucination is often used interchangeably with terms … Dictionary of Hallucinations