auditory deafness

auditory deafness
   A term introduced in or shortly before 1995 by the American psychologists Arien Mack (b. 1931) and Irvin Rock (1922-1995). The term auditory deafness is used to denote a complete failure to consciously perceive an above-threshold auditory stimulus, because of the observer's focus of attention being elsewhere. A typical setting in which auditory deafness can be found to occur is dichotic listening, i.e. a setting where a test person is requested to listen carefully to a certain auditory stimulus and is simultaneously presented with an unexpected and somewhat different auditory stimulus in the unattended ear. The partial unawareness of the presence of such an aberrant auditory stimulus is called " inattentional deafness. The phenomenon itself has been described in the medico-psychological literature at least since the era of mesmerism. In the 19th century hypnotist tradition, for example, inattentive-ness constitutes one of the explanatory models for the mediation of "negative hallucinations. An analogous phenomenon, occurring in the visual modality, is called " inattentional blindness. When occurring in the tactile or haptic modality, the term "tactile insensitivity is used. Yet another related phenomenon is known as "change blindness. On the basis of psychological and philosophical studies in areas such as these a new brand of scepticism has been developed (see the entry Grand illusion argument).
   Parish, E. (1897). Hallucinations and illusions. A study of the fallacies of perception. London: Walter Scott.
   Mack, A., Rock, I. (1998). Inattentionalblindness. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • Deafness — Deaf ness, n. 1. Incapacity of perceiving sounds; the state of the organs which prevents the impression which constitute hearing; want of the sense of hearing. [1913 Webster] 2. Unwillingness to hear; voluntary rejection of what is addressed to… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • auditory aphasia — n inability to understand spoken words * * * a form of receptive aphasia in which sounds are heard but convey no meaning to the person affected, due to disease of the subcortical pathways leading to the main auditory center of the brain, or… …   Medical dictionary

  • deafness — See deafly. * * * Partial or total inability to hear. In conduction deafness, the passage of sound vibrations through the ear is interrupted. The obstacle may be earwax, a ruptured eardrum, or stapes fixation, which prevents the stapes bone from… …   Universalium

  • deafness — General term for inability to hear. central d. d. due to disorder of the auditory system of the brainstem or cerebral cortex. cortical d. d. resulting from bilateral lesions of the primary receptive …   Medical dictionary

  • Auditory processing disorder — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|388.4, ICD9|389.9, ICD9|389.12, or ICD9|389.14 ICDO = OMIM = MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshID = D001308 Auditory Processing Disorder (APD) (previously …   Wikipedia

  • deafness — n. partial or total loss of hearing in one or both ears. Conductive deafness is due to a defect in the conduction of sound from the external ear to the inner ear. This may be due to perforations of the eardrum, fluid or infection in the middle… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Auditory radiations — Infobox Brain Name = PAGENAME Latin = GraySubject = GrayPage = Caption = Caption2 = IsPartOf = Components = Artery = Vein = BrainInfoType = ancil BrainInfoNumber = 393 MeshName = MeshNumber = The auditory radiations are structures found in the… …   Wikipedia

  • auditory aphasia — noun an impairment in understanding spoken language that is not attributable to hearing loss • Syn: ↑acoustic aphasia, ↑word deafness • Hypernyms: ↑aphasia * * * noun : inability to understand spoken words * * * Pathol. aphasia in which there is… …   Useful english dictionary

  • auditory aphasia — Pathol. aphasia in which there is no comprehension of spoken words; word deafness. * * * …   Universalium

  • inattentional deafness —    The term inattentional deafness is indebted to the Latin words in (not) and attentio (attention, notice). It was introduced in or shortly before 1995 by the American psychologists Arien Mack (b. 1931) and Irvin Rock (1922 1995). It is used to… …   Dictionary of Hallucinations