Anton-Babinski syndrome

Anton-Babinski syndrome
   Also known as Anton's syndrome, Anton's symptom, Anton's blindness, anosognosia for blindness, denial of blindness, and visual anosognosia. The eponym Anton-Babinski syndrome refers to the Austrian psychiatrist and neurologist Gabriel Anton (1858-1933) and the Polish-French neurologist Joseph Jules François Félix Babinski (1857-1932). It is used to denote a subtype of "anosognosia first described by Anton in 1899, characterized by a denial of " blindness in individuals with partial or total blindness. Individuals suffering from the Anton-Babinski syndrome typically act as if they can see. They tend to confabulate about their environment and about the reason why they have difficulty in handling objects, collide with pieces of furniture, bump into walls, and experience difficulty in finding their way around. Originally described in individuals with bilateral lesions of the occipital cortex, the eponym Anton-Babinski syndrome also applies to the denial of the condition in individuals with other types of blindness. Incidentally, it has been described in individuals with " hemianopia as well. The mediation of the Anton-Babinski syndrome is attributed to a combination of partial or total blindness, anosognosia, imaginary visual experiences, and "visual hallucinations. It has been suggested that the syndrome's neurophysiological substrate may be similar to that of other types of anosognosia. The term transient Anton's syndrome is used for temporary cases of denial of blindness. A condition reminiscent of the Anton-Babinski syndrome, in which individuals with eyeball enucleations are temporarily under the impression that they can see with their absent eye, is known as " phantom vision.
   Anton, G. (1899). Ueber die Selbstwahrnehmung der Herderkrankungen des Gehirns durch den Kranken bei Rindenblindheit und Rindentaubheit. Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten, 32, 86-127.
   McDaniel, K.D., McDaniel, L.D. (1991).
   Anton's syndrome in a patient with post-traumatic optic neuropathy and bifrontal contusions. Archives of Neurology, 48, 101-105.

Dictionary of Hallucinations. . 2010.

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  • Anton-Babinski syndrome — Anton Babinski syndrome, more frequently known as Anton s blindness, is a rare symptom of brain damage occurring in the occipital lobe. People who suffer from it are cortically blind, but affirm, often quite adamantly and in the face of clear… …   Wikipedia

  • Anton-Babinski syndrome — An·ton Ba·bin·ski syndrome (ahnґton bə binґske) [G. Anton; Joseph Franзois Fйlix Babinski, French physician, 1857–1932] Anton syndrome …   Medical dictionary

  • Anton-Babinski syndrome — noun A rare symptom of brain damage occurring in the occipital lobe, in which the patient is cortically blind but affirms that he or she is capable of seeing …   Wiktionary

  • Anton's syndrome —    see Anton Babinski syndrome …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Anton syndrome — Anton Babinski syndrome a form of anosognosia in which the patient denies, and often is unaware of, the existence of clinically demonstrable blindness and may resort to confabulation to hide it; it may be the result of denial (q.v.) or of… …   Medical dictionary

  • Anton's blindness —    see Anton Babinski syndrome …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • Anton's symptom —    see Anton Babinski syndrome …   Dictionary of Hallucinations

  • syndrome — The aggregate of symptoms and signs associated with any morbid process, and constituting together the picture of the disease. SEE ALSO: disease. [G. s., a running together, tumultuous concourse; (in med.) a concurrence of symptoms, fr. syn,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Joseph Babinski — Joseph Jules François Félix Babinski (born November 17, 1857, Paris; died October 29, 1932, Paris) was a French neurologist of Polish ethnicity. He is best known for his 1896 description of the Babinski sign, a pathological plantar reflex… …   Wikipedia

  • Gabriel Anton — (July 28, 1858 3 January 1933) was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist. He is primarily remembered for his studies of psychiatric conditions arising from damage to the cerebral cortex and the basal ganglia.Gabriel Anton was a native of Saaz …   Wikipedia